Tagged with "Russia"
No nuclear waste: Fuel of future produced at Russia's high-tech underground plant
Category: Technology
Tags: Energy Infrastructure Manufacturing Nuclear Russia SciTech

No nuclear waste: Fuel of future produced at Russia's high-tech underground plant

RUSSIA TODAY September 18, 2014 ShortURL

Photo from sdelanounas.ru

Russia’s ‘Breakthrough’ energy project enables closed a nuclear fuel cycle and a future without radioactive waste. The first batch of MOX nuclear fuel has been manufactured for the world’s only NPP industrially power generating breeder reactors.

The first ten kilograms of the mixed-oxide fuel (MOX) - a mixture of plutonium and uranium dioxides (UO2 and PuO2), have been industrially produced by Russia’s nuclear monopoly, Rosatom, at the Mining & Chemical Combine (GKhK) in the Krasnoyarsk region.

A world first, tablets of the fuel of the future have been put on serial production and are destined for Russia’s next generation BN-800 breeder reactor (880 megawatts), currently undergoing tests at the Beloyarskaya nuclear power plant.

The production line, now undergoing start-up and adjustment, was assembled in a mine 200 meters underground and will become fully operational by the end of 2014.

 

Demonstrating the work of the spent fuel storage of the Mining and Chemical Plant. (RIA Novosti/Alexandr Kryazhev)

Demonstrating the work of the spent fuel storage of the Mining and Chemical Plant. (RIA Novosti/Alexandr Kryazhev)

 

Fast fission reactors solve the problem of depleted uranium nuclear fuel on the planet. They can ‘burn’ not only ‘classic’ uranium-235, (scarce and already coming to an end), but also uranium-238, which is abundant, and expands the world’s nuclear fuel capacity by an estimated 50 times.

Fuel for breeder reactors could even be made from nuclear waste, which from an ecological point of view is a priceless advantage.

The GKhK facility will be equipped with a unique dissolvent reactor that will break down nuclear waste containing plutonium and extract plutonium dioxide to be used in MOX-fuel production.

 

The spent fuel storage of the Mining and Chemical Plant. (RIA Novosti/Alexandr Kryazhev)

The spent fuel storage of the Mining and Chemical Plant. (RIA Novosti/Alexandr Kryazhev)

 

Also, while producing electric energy, breeder reactors actually generate more fissile material, and that one also can be used as nuclear fuel.

The GKhK plant is Russia’s leading full nuclear fuel cycle complex, processing nuclear waste from power generating nuclear reactors to establish future nuclear fuel ring closure.

MOX-fuel for previous versions of fast breeder reactors in the USSR and Russia had limited production at Russia’s oldest Mayak nuclear processing facility.

Starting from 2016, industrial-level MOX-fuel production in Russia will run at full capacity.

“Produced MOX-fuel tablets fully conform to the technical specifications,” Rosatom’s statement said, adding that the fuel will now be thoroughly tested.

 

The spent fuel storage of the Mining and Chemical Plant. (RIA Novosti/Alexandr Kryazhev)

The spent fuel storage of the Mining and Chemical Plant. (RIA Novosti/Alexandr Kryazhev)

 

Energy from here to eternity

Humankind has already produced so much nuclear waste that it would take decades, if not hundreds of years to process and recycle it. As of now, the only light at the end of the tunnel is fast-neutron reactor technology.

The fast-neutron nuclear – or breeder - reactors use technology that enables the use of a wider range of radioactive elements as fuel, thus considerably enlarging the potential stock of nuclear fuel for electric power generation.
Russia is the only country that operates fast neutron reactors industrially.

After decades of research, practically all breeder reactor projects around the world, including in the US, France, Japan and several other countries possessing nuclear energy technologies, were closed down. The only country that currently has operating breeder reactor power generation is Russia.

Over the last 50 years the USSR, then Russia, introduced a number of industrial and research fast neutron reactors. One of them, the BN-600 (600 megawatt), running at the Beloyarskaya nuclear power plant since 1980, is the only fast neutron reactor in the world that generates electricity on an industrial scale. The BN-600 is also the most powerful operable fast neutron reactor in the world.

The Beloyarskaya nuclear power plant is in Zarechny, some 45 kilometers from the regional center of Yekaterinburg, in the Urals region.

 

The front of the BN 600 generating unit control building at the Beloyarsk I.V.Kurchatov Nuclear Power Plant. (RIA Novosti/Pavel Lisitsyn)

The front of the BN 600 generating unit control building at the Beloyarsk I.V.Kurchatov Nuclear Power Plant. (RIA Novosti/Pavel Lisitsyn)

 

This year a new BN-800 breeder reactor will become operable at the Beloyarskaya plant.

The service life of the BN-800 breeder reactor is expected to be 45 years. Every month it will produce 475 million kilowatt hours of electricity, enough to ensure constant supply to 3.15 million families (the average monthly consumption of a family of three is 150 kilowatt hours).

The BN-800 uses liquid metal sodium (Na) as a coolant heat transfer agent. Commercial operation of the new reactor is planned to start in early 2015.

 

Construction of the BN-800 breeder reactor. Photo from sdelanounas.ru

Construction of the BN-800 breeder reactor. Photo from sdelanounas.ru

 

Russian physicists have already elaborated the next step for the revolutionary technology: a BN-1200 breeder reactor that is set to be assembled at the same Beloyarskaya nuclear power plant by 2020.

Overall, eight BN-1200 breeder reactors are expected to be constructed by 2030, which means that Russia is the only nation that is entering a new era of nuclear energy power generation – the closed nuclear fuel cycle, in other words truly clean and practically unlimited nuclear power generation.

 

Washington's War Against Russia
Category: News & Politics
Tags: Oil; Propaganda; Putin; Russia; Sanctions; Threat; Ukraine; Washington Greed

Washington's War Against Russia

Cross-posted from Paul Craig Roberts

From youtube.com/watch?v=0pUYXnak5zQ: Washington threatens new sanctions against Russia over Ukraine

Washington threatens new sanctions against Russia over Ukraine
(image by YouTube)

The new sanctions against Russia announced by Washington and Europe do not make sense as merely economic measures. I would be surprised if Russian oil and military industries were dependent on European capital markets in a meaningful way. Such a dependence would indicate a failure in Russian strategic thinking. The Russian companies should be able to secure adequate financing from Russian Banks or from the Russian government. If foreign loans are needed, Russia can borrow from China.

If critical Russian industries are dependent on European capital markets, the sanctions will help Russia by forcing an end to this debilitating dependence. Russia should not be dependent on the West in any way.

The real question is the purpose of the sanctions. My conclusion is that the purpose of the sanctions is to break up and undermine Europe's economic and political relations with Russia. When international relations are intentionally undermined, war can be the result. Washington will continue to push sanctions against Russia until Russia shows Europe that there is a heavy cost of serving as Washington's tool.

Russia needs to break up this process of ever more sanctions in order to derail the drive toward war. In my opinion this is easy for Russia to do. Russia can tell Europe that since you do not like our oil companies, you must not like our gas company, so we are turning off the gas. Or Russia can tell Europe, we don't sell natural gas to NATO members. Or Russia can say we will continue to sell you gas, but you must pay in rubles, not in dollars. This would have the additional benefit of increasing the demand for rubles in exchange markets, thus making it harder for speculators and the US government to drive down the ruble.

The real danger to Russia is a continuation of its low-key, moderate response to the sanctions. This is a response that encourages more sanctions. To stop the sanctions, Russia needs to show Europe that the sanctions have serious costs for Europe.

A Russian response to Washington would be to stop selling to the US the Russian rocket engines on which the US satellite program is dependent. This could leave the US without rockets for its satellites for six years between the period 2016 and 2022.

Possibly the Russian government is worried about losing the earnings from gas and rocket engine sales. However, Europe cannot do without the gas and would quickly abandon its participation in the sanctions, so no gas revenues would be lost. The Americans are going to develop their own rocket engine anyhow, so the Russian sales of rocket engines to the US have at most about six more years. But the US with an impaired satellite program for six years would mean a great relief to the entire world from the American spy program. It would also make difficult US military aggression against Russia during the period.

Russian President Putin and his government have been very low-key and unprovocative in responding to the sanctions and to the trouble that Washington continues to cause for Russia in Ukraine. The low-key Russian behavior can be understood as a strategy for undermining Washington's use of Europe against Russia by presenting a non-threatening face to Europe. However, another explanation is the presence inside Russia of a fifth column that represents Washington's interest and constrains the power of the Russian government.

Strelkov describes the American fifth column here.

Saker describes the two power groups inside Russia as the Eurasian Sovereignists who stand behind Putin and an independent Russia and the Atlantic Integrationists, the fifth column that works to incorporate Russia in Europe under US hegemony or, failing that, to help Washington break up the Russian Federation into several weaker countries that are too weak to constrain Washington's use of power.

Russia's Atlantic Integrationists share the Brzezinski and Wolfowitz doctrines with Washington. These doctrines are the basis for US foreign policy. The doctrines define the goal of US foreign policy in terms of preventing the rise of other countries, such as Russia and China, that could limit Washington's hegemony.

Washington is in a position to exploit the tensions between these two Russian power groups. Washington's fifth column is not best positioned to prevail. However, Washington can at least count on the struggle causing dissent within the Eurasian Sovereignists over Putin's low-key response to Western provocations. Some of this dissent can be seen in Strelkov's defense of Russia and more can be seen here.

Russia, thinking the Cold War ended with the collapse of the Soviet Union, opened herself to the West. Russian governments trusted the West, and as a result of Russia's gullibility, the West was able to purchase numerous allies among the Russian elites. Depending on the alignment of the media, these compromised elites are capable of assassinating Putin and attempting a coup.

One would think that by now Putin's government would recognize the danger and arrest the main elements of the fifth column, followed by trial and execution for treason, in order that Russia can stand united against the Western Threat. If Putin does not take this step, it means either than Putin does not recognize the extent of the threat or that his government lacks the power to protect Russia from the internal threat.

It is clear that Putin has not achieved any respite for his government from the West's propaganda and economic assault by refusing to defend the Donbass area from Ukrainian attack and by pressuring the Donetsk Republic into a ceasefire when its military forces were on the verge of a major defeat of the disintegrating Ukrainian army. All Putin has achieved is to open himself to criticism among his supporters for betraying the Russians in eastern and southern Ukraine.

The European politicians and elites are so deeply in Washington's pocket that Putin has little chance of courting Europe with a Russian show of good will. I have never believed that this strategy could work, although I would be pleased if it did. Only a direct threat to deprive Europe of energy has a chance of producing within Europe a foreign policy independent of Washington. I do not think Europe can survive a cutoff of the Russian natural gas. Europe would abandon sanctions in order to guarantee the flow of gas. If Washington's hold on Europe is so powerful that Europe is willing to endure a major disruption of its energy supply as the price of its vassalage, Russia will know to cease its futile attempts at diplomacy and to prepare for war.

If China sits on the sidelines, China will be the next isolated target and will receive the same treatment.

Washington intends to defeat both countries, either through internal dissent or through war.

Nothing said by Obama or any member of his government or any influential voice in Congress has signaled any pullback in Washington's drive for hegemony over the world.

The US economy is now dependent on looting and plunder, and Washington's hegemony is essential to this corrupted form of capitalism.

 

http://www.paulcraigroberts.org/

Dr. Roberts was Assistant Secretary of the US Treasury for Economic Policy in the Reagan Administration. He was associate editor and columnist with the Wall Street Journal, columnist for Business Week and the Scripps Howard News Service. He is a contributing editor to Gerald Celente's Trends Journal. He has had numerous university appointments. His book, The Failure of Laissez Faire Capitalism and Economic Dissolution of the West is available here. His latest book,  How America Was Lost, has just been released and can be ordered here

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Who Is the Real Enemy of Humanity ?
Category: Beyond Illusion
Tags: Enemy Humanity US America NATO War Russia China Ukraine ® Parsifal



The United States already have lost a war again, as losing all its wars since 70 years, if you assess to the normal standards.
What happened with Iraq after 11 years of American occupation, and two aggressive wars ?

After thousands of dead and wounded soldiers and almost a trillion dollars cost of war ?
Washington wanted delight the country with 'Western values, security, freedom and prosperity'.
But none of this has occurred.
On the contrary, there is only terror, destruction and misery.
The country is in chaos, decay, and yet a failed state resulting THROUGH the military interventions.

Already in 2009 headlined Global Research
'The Destruction of a Civilization'
ISIS has now spread and Obama once again has announced a bombing war against Iraq to combat the gang of murderers which they themselves have created.
But it is not really a defeat this is the implementation of the common plan, leave scorched earth behind everywhere.

Parsifal, September 14, 2014

It is not to win or to lose a war.

  • No country gives to the people of the world more wars, more suffering and more destruction as America.
  • No one in the world comes even close to the human rights abuses committed by Washington.
  • No one is more extortionate, barbaric and an outlaw.
  • No one threats the peace of humanity more as the US.
  • The business of America is war, permanent war THAT is the official U.S. policy.
     

Regardless of which party is at the helm, whether 'Democrats' or 'Republicans', both are (®) only keyed to war.
They hate peace, because peace is not good business.
So, they want more and bigger wars.
The warmongers control Washington and the war machine must always be kept ticking.

Last December, the Congress officially approved 633 billion dollars for the 'defense budget'.
But this is only the tip of the iceberg.
Hundreds of billions of dollars are among the hidden items used in addition for warfare.
These then hide under the veil of budget of the Foreign, Finance, Energy and Homeland Security, as well as under the budget for NASA and the 16 Intelligence Agencies such as NSA, CIA.
Total real expenditure on all forms of war sums up to 1.5 trillion dollars per year, which allegedly must be spent for the 'safety'.

This gigantic and unimaginable sum is spent to cover the whole world with war, according the idea of Washington to maintain the American Empire, to expand more.
The wars run on all levels, not only militarily, but there is information war, espionage war, financial war and an economic war against all countries.
If against partners or allies, that's quite immaterial.
America has no friends, America only has interests such as Henry Kissinger said, enforced by all means.
International laws and rules must comply all others, of course not America because it is so exceptional.



A lot of money is issued for propaganda to camouflage this American Aggression, to deceive humanity about the true fact of warfare, to make war appear as peace and the dropping of bombs as 'humanitarian action' and to sell the overthrow of governments as 'democratization'.


Unfortunately, this brainwashing functioned best and the most people in the West consider the military action by the United States as good and justified, even defend it against any criticism, don't want to see the millions of victims, perish and suffer.

The distortion-of-the-facts-propaganda works so well that people believe Russia, China and other countries that stand the U.S. Empire in the way to are the evil.
NATO is expanding for 24 years consistently to the East, has one Eastern European country after the other incorporated and adopted, is at the border to Russia, has staged an illegal coup in Ukraine, but Moscow is supposed to be the aggressor.
So it is with China.
American warships cruising constantly around in the Yellow Sea, the US military has large bases in South Korea, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, and Australia, but Beijing is supposed to be the threat.

China is just as closely surrounded, such as Russia and none of the two countries threatened the United States.

Cruise Chinese and Russian warships around New York or San Francisco ?
Conduct the both in the neighboring countries of the US any pro-Russian or pro-Chinese regime change ?
Deploy China or Russia missiles on the border to the USA ?
Wage Beijing and Moscow somewhere wars to extend their influence ?

No.

Washington bothers simply the growing economic strength of China and the emancipation and balance of Russia.
Washington sees this as a threat to its monopoly on power, and does not tolerate a multi-polar world.

America spends more money for the military and related categories, than the rest of the world together.
While the United States is completely bankrupt and astronomically over-indebted.
The financing of the gigantic military machine is only on the nod and on the basis of the dollar as the so-called global currency.
Even at the expense of the American population, which more and more impoverished, and the infrastructure, more and more neglected and decaying.
Already 50 million Americans need food stamps to put food on the table and many cities are in such a bad condition, with slums, dilapidated public buildings, bridges, roads, sewerage, water and power supply, they appear as if a war had taken place.


Washington not only campaigns against the rest of the world, but also against their own citizens.
The proof of this is the militarization of the police, the brutal repression with deadly bullets for every little thing, the disregard for and violation of constitutional rights, and the politics making the rich even richer.
The middle class is being systematically destroyed; the jobs with outsourcing transferred abroad, an army of low wage workers without dismissal protection cultivated.
Actually, the American citizens are affected from brutality and misanthropy of the Empire as all the others outside of the USA.
Only a tiny elite immensely benefits from it.


As for the criminal elite, there is only either to subjugate and enslave, or to invade and destroy and this applies to the own country and any other country in the world.

They think they have the sole right to prevail over all the others to interfere everywhere and to determine the policy.

They mean, to be able to replace independent governments with their pro-American puppets, to exercise an unchallenged global dominance, are so ready for a war against humanity  in order to secure this right.

Here, they commit mass murder without being held accountable.
There is only one country, so far which atomized unsuspecting civilians, dropping nuclear weapons on their heads, the biggest crime of all, namely the US.

The claim that Washington would only do good, spread and promote democracy, freedom and human rights worldwide, is a lie.
20 million dead 'speak' but the contrary, so many people perished by American wars and interventions since the IInd World War.

1,4 millions alone in Iraq ... and now the empire wants to go back there to drop more bombs.
History shows, the United States surpassed in all respects with its recklessness all power hungry tyrannical systems of the past.
The US military is a Monster out of control.
It threatens the existence of mankind.

China and Russia threaten neither America, nor other countries or neighbors.
Both seek to create and maintain partnerships for mutual exchange.
Obama, however, has from its predecessors taken over the law (according to the 2010 Nuclear Posture Review), preemptively to apply nuclear weapons as a first strike.


All the options are on the table, as it means so 'nice'.

This has nothing in common with the denotations 'deterrence' or 'defense'.
No country against the United States in the last 70 years made war, but threatened America, and certainly not attacked.
Neither North Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Panama, Iraq I, Somalia, Serbia, Haiti, Afghanistan, Iraq II, Libya, ... plus Pakistan, Yemen and Somalia where Obama is warring insidious drone wars.


Not to speak about hidden wars (i.e. Central Africa, New Zealand) or proxy wars or coups by the CIA.

What is it all about ?
Only to consolidate the global dominance as the self-appointed global policeman or Sheriff is made the task.
With the weapon in the hand is always shot.
As I said, in reality America is making war against all humanity, in the interest of its own global corporations, the all-powerful armaments industry and the greedy Financial Mafia, the root of all wars of aggression in the world.
Peace is the last thing Washington wants.

Priority is always given to war.
It is anchored in the Constitution, America is only allowed to defend and an aggression against countries which do not pose a threat is excluded.

What in the Ukraine happens is, again, an aggression and intervention of the United States.
President Putin is absolutely right when he says that Ukraine is used as a hostage to U.S. interests.

The country is used as a launch pad for a conflict with Russia.
The Washington-installed illegal Nazi regime in Kiev fulfills this purpose.
There are instigated Ukrainians against Ukrainians to a conflict and Russia so long provoked, until they have again a reason that leads to war on European soil.

The aim of the US for Europe and Russia is at the same time to weaken and destroy the both as to make the profit as the laughing third party.

Has yes, already happened twice with the World Wars.
The bad and incomprehensible is that the European governments have been doing their part in this - and do it again as subordinate sheep and voluntarily run to the slaughter.

When will people finally wake up and free themselves from this war-horny and tyrannical America ?
When politicians finally have the courage to show Washington the middle finger and separate from this all-controlling Monster ?
When you listen to cowards and show finally courage?
If they would follow the interests of their country and their voters, they would have to do it.
The latest message from Sunday is that the NSA has direct access to Deutsche Telekom and other internet and communication providers can in live mode tap into and listen to the entire communication of Germany, localize each terminal equipment.

The US aim 'for' Germany was (and this is certainly not only for Germany...) 'to make visible any device, anywhere, at any time'.
Such a cyber attack is according to German law clearly punishable.
It still needs more evidence of who the real enemy is ?

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