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World Bank Releases 'Skewed' Mining, Oil and Gas Survey Results Tags: Alternative Knowledge Banksters globalist agenda

No net, no say for online mining survey with surprising results

A miner quarries stone in Tanzania. Photo: africa924 / Shutterstock.com

[This is an example of how public surveys can be skewed and then used to falsely support or promote what are, in reality, highly-lucrative ventures for multinational interests. In this case it’s a range of environmentally and socially-damaging industries that are not in fact supported by the ordinary, every day folk who live alongside them.SiNeh~]

By Will Fitzgibbon, ICIJ.org -  April 11, 2014 – http://tinyurl.com/kb6vsvt

The World Bank released a new survey today pointing to strong public support of mining, oil and gas projects in resource-rich countries around the world.

But the survey - which has been well received by industry - may have a major flaw: it was conducted entirely online. Given that 60 percent of the world’s population has no Internet access, rising to 84 percent in Africa, the results may not reflect experiences of those directly affected by mining, including thousands forced to make way for mining activity.

The World Bank’s “Extractive Industries Public Perceptions Survey” questioned residents of 14 resource-rich countries in Africa, Asia and the Americas on the benefits and drawbacks of mining and oil and gas production. The survey appeared before a random selection of Internet users when they mistyped a URL.

By using an online survey, the World Bank said it was able to quickly collect large amounts of information and reach Internet users who do not usually think about extractive industries.

Of the 16,000 respondents, 63 percent believe the mining industry has a positive impact on their country. Fewer than one in four saw any problems at all. When the survey asked about impacts on people’s own lives, nearly half of the respondents answered favorably while one in five saw it as negative.

“A lot of industry partners have been surprised because they thought it would be more negative,” said Felipe Estefan, open government specialist at the World Bank who has shared early results with industry, civil society and government representatives. “They [in industry] thought it would be scarier than it turned out it be”.

The lowest level of opposition to mining came from Mozambique where 3 percent of respondents - 33 people - felt that mining had a “very negative” impact on their lives.

The survey’s cheery spin paints a different picture to what Human Rights Watch’s Nisha Varia recently saw in the country. Varia authored a 2013 report on mining communities in Tete, Mozambique’s busiest mining region. Nearly 2,500 Mozambicans may be resettled due to mining projects, and those already forced to leave their homes have complained of substandard replacement homes and inadequate compensation. 

Just four of the 1155 respondents to the World Bank’s survey in Mozambique came from Tete.

“There is a difference between the perception of the general population and those directly affected by those projects, including those who are forcibly resettled,” said Varia.

“I think it’s pretty arguable that these results are not representative of what is happening,” said Varia. “Many parts of the country remain rural and have little access to electricity – let alone to the Internet.”

Survey results.

The results of the survey showed strong support for the mining, oil and gas industries. Image: Extractive Industries Public Perceptions Survey

The International Telecommunications Union reports that 4.85 percent of Mozambicans used the Internet in 2012. Yet 30 percent of Mozambican respondents in the World Bank’s survey said they received information about the oil and gas industry online.

The same story is true in Zambia, says Pamela Chisanga, Director of Action Aid Zambia. Of Zambian respondents, 58 percent thought favorably of mining and 9 percent considered it in negative terms, according to the survey.

“Very few people living around mines have access to the Internet,” said Chisanga. “If we are talking about people who have been displaced or have had to change their means of survival because of the mining activity, they would not have access to the Internet.”

“Every survey methodology has its limitations and we are keenly aware of this one,” said the World Bank’s Estefan. Admitting that “we did not do enough thinking about” clarifying the drawbacks of an online survey for those interpreting the data, the Bank said it would likely update the website before publication to reflect the survey’s limited sample.

“We don’t seek to make it seem representative but we seek to complement this with other methods,” said Estefan, pointing to other “incredibly valuable” surveys that use more detailed techniques of capturing public opinion.

The Extractive Industries Public Perceptions Survey will now be used as part of the Bank’s ongoing transparency and accountability work.

Editor's note - a quote by Nisha Varia has been modified at her request to provide more clarity. The original quote, "I think it's pretty arguable that any results are represendative of what is happening" has been amended to "I think it's pretty arguable that these results are not representative of what is happening."

~~~~~~~~~~~~

Added by SiNeh~

Read the complete survey here: http://www.openinggovernment.com/extractives/gei-extractives-summary-findings.pdf

 

He Who Hesitates is Lost: The Psychology of Survival Tags: consciousness Preparedness

TheOrganicPrepper

In a worst-case scenario, hesitation kills.

No one wants to accept that something horrible has happened.  The human brain is configured in a way that it is in our very nature to deny that something outside our normal paradigm has occurred. This is called cognitive dissonance.

 “Cognitive dissonance is the feeling of discomfort when simultaneously holding two or more conflicting cognitions: ideas, beliefs, values or emotional reactions…Dissonance is aroused when people are confronted with information that is inconsistent with their beliefs. If the dissonance is not reduced by changing one’s belief, the dissonance can result in restoring consonance through misperception, rejection or refutation of the information, seeking support from others who share the beliefs, and attempting to persuade others.” (source)

 

But in a crisis situation, denial can be deadly.

These are the phases of psychological reactions in a crisis:

  1. Denial – People do not want to believe the event occurred or is occurring. They simply cannot accept, for example, that a plane just deliberately crashed into the building where they are working.
  2. Delay - People often opt to do something to delay the acceptance of what is going on.  They might tidy up, put away food in the refrigerator, or methodically gather belongings to give themselves another few moments of perceived normalcy.
  3. Diagnosis – People then begin to assess the situation.  They begin to consider the input from their senses: the smell of something burning, the sound of something crashing down or people screaming, the sight of the devastation.
  4. Acceptance – People then accept that this crisis is indeed occurring.
  5. Consideration- At this point most people begin to consider their best course of action. Others are so overwhelmed by the situation that they shut down and have to be aided by first responders or other victims of the crisis in order to survive.
  6. Action - Finally, a course of action is chosen and implemented.  Some examples of this could be escape, evacuation, fighting back, performing first aid on injured people, or fortifying their position.

Interviews with people who escaped the World Trade Center after the 9/11 disaster, those who survived plane crashes, and others who lived through fires, all describe how they instantly froze when the devastating incidents occurred. Despite the fact that their very lives were at risk, structures were crumbling, or they were the victim of people who were intent on harming them, they could not immediately accept that the event was occurring. Many people talked about gathering up documents or personal belongings before heading for the stairwells on 9/11.  People in plane crashes often grab their carry-on bags, despite flight attendants’ warnings to leave them behind.  People in house fires will often try to grab photo albums or possessions before escaping the building. The response is very common, and it is a function of a brain that doesn’t want to accept the dreadful reality: people busy themselves with things which are mundane in an attempt to delay accepting the current situation.

While these stories are from survivors who did manage to escape with their lives, there are likely many others who did not live because their brains simply refused to accept that something so horrible could be occurring.

Dr. A. R. Roberts performed a psychological study in 2000, which he reported on in his Crisis Intervention Handbook. Roberts noted these common reactions in the midst of a crisis:

  • People first begin to recognize that there is a threat.
  • Next, these individuals discover that the stress and trauma of the event cannot be dealt with using existing coping skills.
  • People then begin to experience fear, confusion, and stress.
  • Those facing a crisis begin to exhibit symptoms of distress and discomfort.
  • Finally, people enter a state of imbalance where the crisis situation seems insurmountable.

(source)

During military training, recruits are put into situations that train them to immediately assess a situation and instantly choose a course of action. This allows them to act more quickly than other people, and it gives them an advantage in many scenarios.

The key, though, is not just to simply act as soon as an event occurs. It is to speed up your actual decision-making process. One way to do that is by skipping the cognitive-dissonance phase.  You must go through the above reactions quickly or not at all in order to respond quickly.

If you can immediately accept that something out of the ordinary has occurred, you will be able to move on to the assessment phase instead of wasting precious reaction time convincing yourself that the event itself has occurred.

You can improve your reaction to crisis

Speeding up your reaction to unexpected circumstances is a two-fold process. It is both physical and mental.

Think about an athlete. If you throw a ball, even unexpectedly, his immediate reaction is to put up his hand and catch the ball before it hits him in the face. His muscle-memory has kicked in and this is his automatic response. A non-athlete might react differently. He might stand there and get hit with the ball or put up his arm to block the ball, but his first reaction might not be to try and catch it.

The athlete has spent many hours catching and throwing, so his body is already prepared to do that in a split second. As well, sports like boxing or martial arts hone your reflexes and teach your muscles to instantly respond in a certain way.  When police officers and members of the military are undergoing training, they spend many hours at the shooting range to make their weapon an automatic extension of their arm.

Training isn’t just for professional first responders. It can speed up your reactions, both physical and mental. It may not turn you into a ninja but it can definitely improve your chances at survival.

Here are some ways to keep your physical reflexes sharp (or to improve them if they are a bit rusty):

  • Use it or lose it. If you have a desk job, you may not spend enough time being active.  Take some time every day to toss around a ball, to go to the gym, to hike, or to go for a run.
  • Learn to fight.  Martial arts, boxing, krav maga: all of these are great exercise and great training.
  • Perform a balancing act.  Little kids love to walk on curbs, blocks of concrete, or anything else that can serve as an impromptu balance beam. As adults, most of us spend little time practicing our balance.  Try walking on the curbs right along with your kids, climbing, or going to yoga.  Help your body remember what it is to use balance.
  • Cardio.  In the event of an emergency, you don’t want to be huffing and puffing after you’ve gone down two flights of stairs.  Get your heart in shape and keep it that way with regular cardiovascular exercise that gets your heart rate up.
  • Practice, practice, practice.You can create muscle memory by repeating something over and over until it becomes as natural to you as breathing.  Go to the range and practice shooting your weapon. Practice archery.  Play catch. Do agility drills.  All of these things prepare your body to respond instinctively in an emergency, which can shave precious seconds off of your response time.

Equally important, if not more so, is improving your mental response to a crisis.  As was discussed above, people tend to squander time dilly-dallying over the acceptance of the fact that the event is actually occurring. If you’re reading this article, more than likely it is because you have already mentally accepted the fact that sudden emergencies occur, and that puts you one step ahead.

 

  • Run scenarios. No one can be mentally prepared for everything, but by imagining situations in which a crisis occurs, you can train your brain to look for solutions.  You will have already overcome a portion of that cognitive dissonance that says “This can’t be happening to me.” My kids and I do this when watching movies. Sometimes we stop the movie and discuss what we could do if a similar incident happened to us.  They’ve taken it a step further and sometimes bring up a scenario when we are out. We run through our options and talk about the pros and cons of a course of action.
  • Don’t live in a bubble. Be aware of trends in the news. For example, there has been a spate of horrific attacks across the country called “knock-out” attacks.  In this so-called “game”, a group of teens, for sheer amusement, brutally assaults an innocent victim.  If you know that this something going on in your area, you can sometimes recognize the situation immediately and pass that moment of cognitive dissonance. This allows you to respond and defend yourself quickly and decisively.
  • Be aware of your surroundings.  If you are glued to your iPhone or otherwise oblivious to that which is going on around you, then it’s going to take you longer to assess the crisis.  Actually it’s going to take you longer to realize the crisis is even going on.  A person who practices situational awareness will often observe unusual behavior and be in response mode before the crisis is fuly developed.  For example, they might notice suspicious behavior from another patron in the store before that patron whips out a gun and tries to rob the clerk. This would give the observer a distinct advantage because they’d already be moving on to the consideration step in the crisis process while everyone else in the store was still on step 1, denying that they had found themselves in the middle of a hold-up.
  • Stop poisoning yourself. Finally, stop poisoning yourself.  Our society is dumbed down on prescription drugs, fluoride in the water, and toxins added to our food supply.  Many people walk around in a perpetual haze, dulled by the things that they consume.  Antidepressants, ADD drugs, and other medications can slow the thought processes.  Fluoride quite literally drops your IQ.  Neurotoxins like MSG and artificial sweeteners kill brain cells.  Keep your body pure and watch your reaction times and thought processes improve.

 

By understanding the natural human responses to crises, we can cut our personal reaction times.  Hopefully you are never in a 9/11-style attack, present at a convenience store robbery, or caught in a natural disaster, but if you are, your ability to accept the situation, think quickly, and take action could save the lives of you and your loved ones.

About the author:

Daisy Luther is a freelance writer and editor.  Her website, The Organic Prepper, offers information on healthy prepping, including premium nutritional choices, general wellness and non-tech solutions. You can follow Daisy on Facebook and Twitter, and you can email her at daisy@theorganicprepper.ca

If you enjoyed this article, please Vote for The Organic Prepper as a top prepping web site.
 
Robert Fisk: The Children of Fallujah - the hospital of horrors Tags: Big Brother globalist agenda new world

image

[Blair still believes killing over 1,000,000 Iraqi men women and children and making millions more homeless was "the right thing to do". I wonder how he feels about the hundreds of children who were born with horrific birth defects as a result of exposure to depleted uranium?  SiNeh~]

Robert Fisk: The Children of Fallujah - the hospital of horrors

The Independent Tuesday 08 April 2014

http://tinyurl.com/lwxwdwu

Special Report day two: Stillbirths, disabilities, deformities too distressing to describe - what lies behind the torments in Fallujah General Hospital?

The pictures flash up on a screen on an upper floor of the Fallujah General Hospital. And all at once, Nadhem Shokr al-Hadidi's administration office becomes a little chamber of horrors. A baby with a hugely deformed mouth. A child with a defect of the spinal cord, material from the spine outside the body. A baby with a terrible, vast Cyclopean eye. Another baby with only half a head, stillborn like the rest, date of birth 17 June, 2009. Yet another picture flicks onto the screen: date of birth 6 July 2009, it shows a tiny child with half a right arm, no left leg, no genitalia.

"We see this all the time now," Al-Hadidi says, and a female doctor walks into the room and glances at the screen. She has delivered some of these still-born children. "I've never seen anything as bad as this in all my service," she says quietly. Al-Hadidi takes phone calls, greets visitors to his office, offers tea and biscuits to us while this ghastly picture show unfolds on the screen. I asked to see these photographs, to ensure that the stillborn children, the deformities, were real. There's always a reader or a viewer who will mutter the word "propaganda" under their breath.

But the photographs are a damning, ghastly reward for such doubts. January 7, 2010: a baby with faded, yellow skin and misshapen arms. April 26, 2010: a grey mass on the side of the baby's head. A doctor beside me speaks of "Tetralogy of Fallot", a transposition of the great blood vessels. May 3, 2010: a frog-like creature in which – the Fallujah doctor who came into the room says this – "all the abdominal organs are trying to get outside the body."

This is too much. These photographs are too awful, the pain and emotion of them – for the poor parents, at least – impossible to contemplate. They simply cannot be published.

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