SCIENCE
Hollow Earth Evidence? Massive Ocean Discovered Inside Our Planet
Category: SCIENCE

[There are many myths, legends and even suppressed historical accounts regarding our planet being hollow and even inhabited by various species of humanoids. Amongst the accounts is the presence of a large ocean within the planet as well as an inner sun. The apocalypse, or revealing, will include many wonderful and amazing truths that have been kept secret for millennia. Is this one of them? - Zen]

NewScientist

A reservoir of water three times the volume of all the oceans has been discovered deep beneath the Earth’s surface. The finding could help explain where Earth’s seas came from.

The water is hidden inside a blue rock called ringwoodite that lies 700 kilometres underground in the mantle, the layer of hot rock between Earth’s surface and its core.

The huge size of the reservoir throws new light on the origin of Earth’s water. Some geologists think water arrived in comets as they struck the planet, but the new discovery supports an alternative idea that the oceans gradually oozed out of the interior of the early Earth.

“It’s good evidence the Earth’s water came from within,” says Steven Jacobsen of Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois. The hidden water could also act as a buffer for the oceans on the surface, explaining why they have stayed the same size for millions of years.

Pinging the planet

Jacobsen’s team used 2000 seismometers to study the seismic waves generated by more than 500 earthquakes. These waves move throughout Earth’s interior, including the core, and can be detected at the surface. “They make the Earth ring like a bell for days afterwards,” says Jacobsen.

 

By measuring the speed of the waves at different depths, the team could figure out which types of rocks the waves were passing through. The water layer revealed itself because the waves slowed down, as it takes them longer to get through soggy rock than dry rock.

Jacobsen worked out in advance what would happen to the waves if water-containing ringwoodite was present. He grew ringwoodite in his lab, and exposed samples of it to massive pressures and temperatures matching those at 700 kilometres down.

Sure enough, they found signs of wet ringwoodite in the transition zone 700 kilometres down, which divides the upper and lower regions of the mantle. At that depth, the pressures and temperatures are just right to squeeze the water out of the ringwoodite. “It’s rock with water along the boundaries between the grains, almost as if they’re sweating,” says Jacobsen.

Damp down there

Jacobsen’s finding supports a recent study by Graham Pearson of the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada. Pearson studied a diamond from the transition zone that had been carried to the surface in a volcano, and found that it contained water-bearing ringwoodite, the first strong evidence that there was lots of water in the transition zone (Nature, doi.org/s6h).

“Since our initial report of hydrous ringwoodite, we’ve found another ringwoodite crystal, also containing water, so the evidence is now very strong,” says Pearson.

So far, Jacobsen only has evidence that the watery rock sits beneath the US. He now wants to find out if it wraps around the entire planet.

“We should be grateful for this deep reservoir,” says Jacobsen. “If it wasn’t there, it would be on the surface of the Earth, and mountain tops would be the only land poking out.”

Journal reference: Science, DOI: 10.1126/science.1253358

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ZenGardner.com


 

The Artificial Intelligence Program That’s Learning Everything
Category: SCIENCE
Tags: Big Brother Science and Technology

Nicholas West

Contributor
Activist Post

If all of your browsing habits and scroll-overs haven’t been sufficient enough for current algorithms to pre-determine your wants, and needs, and product purchases, there is a new child coming of age who, simply put, is a prodigy.

Meet LEVAN (Learning EVerything About ANything) in the video below, the Artificial Intelligence program accompanied by cheery acoustics that is apparently in training to become the Forrest Gump/Bubba of the virtual realm…

In reality, it’s all a part of the agenda to get us to emote when interacting with our non-humanoverlords companions. It’s not enough to simply receive information; we have to feel like it’s a trusted friend, a family member, imparting words of life-changing importance.

MORE>>

 

CLOUDTOP PHENOMENON
Category: SCIENCE
Tags: Bangkok Thailand Strange Phenomena

From Space Weather – May 31, 2014 – www.spaceweather.com

CLOUDTOP PHENOMENON: For years, researchers have been studying red sprites and blue jets--strange forms of lightning that come out of the tops of clouds. On May 27th, a new form appeared. Pilot Cherdphong Visarathanonth was in the cockpit of an A320 at the airport in Bangkok, Thailand, when he saw a white tornado-like beam dancing atop this cumulonimbus cloud:

"We could see the same phenomenon through both windshields even after the aircraft has pushing back in a different direction," says Visarathanonth. "I made a 4 minute video in which we can see the phenomenon quickly moving and disappearing from time to time."

Brian Whittaker, another pilot with extensive sky watching experience, says, "I have seen Blue Jets and Sprites, but this is something totally different. Good luck figuring out what it is."

One reader suggests that it is a "jumping sundog." Lightning discharges in thunderclouds can temporarily change the electric field above the clouds where charged ice crystals were reflecting sunlight. The new electric field quickly re-orients the geometric crystals to a new orientation that reflects sunlight differently. Videos of the phenomenon show that it might be related to what Visarathanonth saw.

 

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